Military UAV is an unmanned aircraft controlled by remote control equipment or self-contained program. According to its control mode, it can be divided into three types: radio remote control, automatic program control and integrated control
As a member of modern air military force, military UAV has the characteristics of no casualties, less restrictions on use, good concealment, high efficiency and cost ratio. Its status and role in modern war is increasingly prominent, in recent local wars.
Military UAV has the characteristics of exquisite structure, strong concealment, easy to use, low cost and flexible performance. It is mainly used in battlefield reconnaissance, electronic jamming, carrying cluster bombs, guided missiles and other weapons to carry out offensive tasks, as well as air communication relay platform, nuclear test sampler, nuclear explosion and nuclear radiation reconnaissance aircraft.
Application of military UAV
In future wars. High, medium, low altitude and long, medium and short range military UAVs will carry out various strategic and tactical tasks, such as reconnaissance and early warning, tracking and positioning, special operations, relay communication, precision guidance, information confrontation, battlefield search and rescue, and other strategic and tactical tasks. In the future, its military application scope and field will continue to expand and expand.
Reconnaissance UAV can realize all-weather comprehensive reconnaissance capability by installing photoelectric sensors, radar sensors and other sensors. The reconnaissance methods are efficient and diverse, and can be used in combat
High speed information scanning can be carried out over the field. It can also fly at low speed or hover and gaze to provide real-time intelligence support for the army. UAV can go deep into the enemy's hinterland, as close as possible to the enemy's signal radiation source, and can intercept the important small power short-range communication signals on the battlefield, with obvious advantages. High altitude long endurance strategic reconnaissance UAV skims over the reconnaissance target to replace part of the satellite's functions. It is of great strategic significance to take clear ground pictures with high-resolution camera. The portable UAV can meet the tactical tasks such as battlefield surveillance, target reconnaissance, damage assessment and so on. In the Iraq war, the U.S. unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) provided 50% of the reconnaissance information about the enemy's fixed and moving targets.
UAV can carry a variety of precision attack weapons to attack ground and sea targets, or carry out air combat with air-to-air missiles, and can also carry out anti missile interception. Combat UAV carries combat units, finds important targets for real-time attack, and realizes the "combination of observation and combat". It can reduce casualties and improve the attack ability of troops. Combat UAV can be deployed in advance to intercept tactical missiles in boost phase, and destroy incoming missiles in a long distance as air defense in key areas. Attack type anti radiation UAV carries small and powerful precision guided weapons, laser weapons or anti radiation missiles to attack radar and communication command equipment; Tactical Attack UAV can replace missiles in some combat fields. It is an important means to realize the global fast strike capability that the main attack UAV is large in size and fast in speed, and can attack and intercept ground and air targets. During NATO's air raid on Libya, the "Predator" missile was used to launch "hailfa" missile to carry out air attack on Libya, to accurately strike the ground targets, and to fight with the mi-25 fighter plane. It became the first military UAV to directly carry out air-to-air combat.
Because of its unique advantages, UAVs can take off at any time in the harsh environment on the battlefield, and carry out countermeasures against the photoelectric information such as laser guidance, microwave communication, command network, complex electromagnetic environment, etc., effectively block the attack, command and reconnaissance capabilities of enemy equipment, and improve the efficiency of information operations of our side. ECM UAV carries out reconnaissance and jamming on command and communication system, ground radar and various electronic equipment, and supports all kinds of attack aircraft and bombers: decoy UAV carries radar echo enhancer or infrared simulator to simulate air targets, deceive enemy radars and missiles, decoy enemy radar and other electronic reconnaissance equipment, lure enemy's air defense weapons to fire and cover their own side The UAV can also carry out psychological warfare by throwing propaganda materials and shouting at the enemy battlefield.
In future wars. Communication system is the lifeline of battlefield command and control, and also the focus of attack by both sides of the enemy. UAV communication network can establish a strong redundant backup communication link, improve the survivability. After being attacked, the backup communication network can quickly recover, and plays an irreplaceable role in network centric warfare. The high altitude long endurance UAV extends the communication distance, uses satellite to provide alternative link, and directly links with land-based terminal, so as to reduce the threat of entity attack and noise interference. Multiple data transmission systems are used for combat communication UAV. The simulated data transmission system within visual range is used between combat units. Over the horizon communication relay system is used between UAVs and satellites, which can transmit images, data and other information in high speed and real time.
With the development of UAV technology. Its mission areas are also expanding. In recent years, the U.S. military has begun to explore the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to carry out logistics support tasks such as material transportation, fuel supply and even casualty evacuation. When undertaking such tasks, UAV is not affected by the complex terrain environment, with high speed and high speed